Sorry if l went off track a little!
Re your point X1 about failed social programs. I think you hit on a point often overlooked by architects of social reform; a basic fact of psychology is that there has always been a sector of society who have never owned property of any significant value and so are less likely to respect other people’s valued property. It follows that they will not respect community property either.
We used to call it ‘council house mentality’ here, but that was unfair as it was usually a problem minority who held an ‘attitude’ such as bloody council or bastard government who held the money tree!
But they would be first to ring up demanding their boiler be fixed or the toilet unblocked, cos they paid their rent.....even when they didn’t.
Some here call them chavs (council house and violent), but some locals say it means ‘Cheltenham Average’
It’s posh here, but only in posh areas. Although the town has pulled many areas up by their collective bootstraps over the last 20 years.
The council did a scheme here some years ago where two streets on one estate became notorious for joy riders and a few tenants of ill repute. The scheme blocked off the streets to through traffic and demolished a number of houses to build newer design houses across where traffic and stolen cars once fled. Families were moved out, and the story l heard was that families with members who violated the terms of their ASBO (anti-social behaviour order) or who obtained an ASBO would not be housed there again with their friends and neighbours. I don’t know if that was officially true, but it seemed to work to the benefit of the majority. Stick and carrot!? But l suspect that these schemes work best in localised areas to create a sense of community pride.
The psychology of giving cash to individuals does at least enable them to buy their own stake in society. If they own there own shit, they have to respect other people’s shit! Maybe!